Agriculture production
Climate change
Food security
Rainfall pattern
Temperature change

How to Cite

Cortes, S., & Otadoy, J. (2021). How is Climate Change Shaping Food Security in Southeast Asia?. Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology (JSET), 8, 51-64. Retrieved from https://www.ijterm.org/index.php/jset/article/view/157


The present study creates models reflecting how essential climate variables (ECV) like temperature gradient and precipitation pattern shape rice production in the past decades of three SEA nations, namely: Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. The target test statistic to analyze the relationship between rice production and ECV is Multiple variants technique utilizing Ordinary Least Square (OLS) estimation. Results reveal that the quantity of rice production of all three countries are linear functions of temperature. Meanwhile, precipitation only affects rice production in the Philippines but not in Indonesia and Thailand. The alteration of phenology which opens research for applying marker assisted selection such as marker assisted backcrossing (MABC) explains the development of rice cultivars tolerant to abiotic stress. In effect, there is still increase in rice production



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